The Dangers of Aluminium in Infant Formulas - And a Safe Alternative!

March 24, 2021 9 min read

The Dangers of Aluminium in Infant Formulas - And a Safe Alternative!

Baby formula is a practical necessity for many parents. Work schedules and lactation problems are some common and valid reasons why a lot of moms and dads choose to bottle-feed their child rather than feed them breast milk.

However, the developing body and brain of a baby requires optimal nutrition. A baby is also very vulnerable to environmental toxins. How can parents who need to bottle-feed choose the best formula possible and avoid the downsides that can come with formula? Learn about aluminum contamination in baby formula and why choosing HiPP formula can help you avoid contaminants.


Parents: Be Aware of the Excessive Aluminum Content of Baby Formulas

A study published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health tested a selection of 24 baby formula brands and found a wide range of aluminum levels, with some products containing as much as 83 times the amount found in human breast milk. Researchers found that the types of formulas that harbored the most metal pollution were those designed to help a baby gain weight rapidly, as well as those designed to address food allergies and intolerances (Redgrove et al., 2019, p. 899).

It is also suggested that using tap water in formula preparation can increase aluminum levels even further, depending on locale. Using distilled water (which will have a much lower aluminum content) is a cleaner option.


Why Do So Many Baby Formulas Contain Questionable Levels of Aluminum?

The hard numbers about the presence of aluminum in widely used baby formulas are alarmingly too many. One begins to wonder how it is even possible that so much of this metal could physically end up in a can of formula mix. How can the average formula and a quality brand like HiPP have such different contamination levels?

Some manufacturer may be cutting corners when it comes to quality, and not testing as excessively for pesticides and possibly harmful ingredients as brands like HiPP do. Thus, there are many points along the line of production where metal contamination may happen to the product.

For example, grass grown for feeding cows might be planted in a field with high-aluminum soil that is not tested beforehand. The cows might be given aluminum-laden water to drink. There is also the potential for corporations to use manufacturing equipment or packaging that contains aluminum; this can cause the metal to leach into the formula.

 baby formula

What Effect Does Aluminum Have on the Human Body?

Many have heard of the dangers of having high amounts of metals in the body. New parents learning about the metal content of a typical baby formula may be eager to know if aluminum carries exactly the same risks as heavy metals such as mercury, lead, and iron. What exactly does aluminum exposure do to the human body?


Is Aluminum Considered a Heavy Metal?

Aluminum is actually considered a lightweight metal. Aluminum does not carry quite as high of a toxicity as the heavy metals do. Normal levels found in the environment and in food do not have the potential to harm a typical, healthy adult. However, extremely large amounts of this metal can still be toxic or even fatal. Furthermore, people with certain medical conditions may be exponentially more susceptible to aluminum poisoning.


Excess Aluminum Can Harm Many Different Body Systems

Aluminum poisoning is known to damage many different organs and systems of the body (Bingham & Cohrssen, 2012, pp. 229–249). For example, due to the way it prevents the digestive system from absorbing minerals such as iron and zinc, aluminum overdose can cause anemia.

Bone disorders are another danger of high aluminum exposure. Osteomalacia, a disease wherein the bones become soft and bendable, is a known effect of aluminum poisoning. The link between said metal and bone disorders is thought to be due to the way it interferes with the absorption of phosphorus, a mineral necessary for bone integrity.

Researchers have observed that aluminum increases estrogen-related gene expression in laboratory-cultured breast cancer cells (Darbre, 2006, p. 196). This is because it is a metalloestrogen, or a metal that mimics the effect of estrogen in the body because it binds to estrogen receptors. Other metalloestrogens include:

  • Antimony
  • Arsenite
  • Barium
  • Cadmium
  • Chromium
  • Cobalt
  • Copper
  • Lead
  • Mercury
  • Nickel
  • Selenite
  • Tin
  • Vanadate

These findings imply that aluminum may have the potential to increase the risk of estrogen-sensitive cancers such as breast cancer and uterine cancer. To date, there have not been large scale human studies that prove this connection. However, this is still something to bear in mind when considering the risks of excess aluminum.

Some other things that aluminum toxicity might cause or contribute to include:

  • Central nervous system problems
  • Rare lung diseases when particles are inhaled
  • Skin rashes from physical contact
  • Kidney damage
  • Liver problems
  • DNA damage
  • Neurodegenerative diseases

 baby formula feeding

Aluminum: Is It Dangerous for a Baby?

Despite the negative health effects aluminum exposure can cause in adults, the vast majority of adults do not need to worry over everyday exposure. People with kidney or liver problems, people who take aluminum-containing medications, and people who work industrial jobs that involve metal exposure are the main groups that have any real reason to be concerned.

However, this is only true of otherwise healthy adults. A baby, on the other hand, has a much more delicate system. The same amount of metal that would have no effect on adult may be toxic for a baby. The short answer is that yes, aluminum in formula can harm a growing baby. Switching to a cleaner product like HiPP helps your baby be as healthy as possible.

There is also some evidence that maternal aluminum exposure during pregnancy will worsen health outcomes for the child. Animal studies have demonstrated that when an expecting mother is exposed to this metal, it causes malformations, disrupted development of many kinds, and failure to grow properly. It may also significantly delay puberty.


Why Do Regulatory Agencies Allow So Much Aluminum?

High presence of aluminum in some baby formulas is an established fact. However, the medical community does not currently seem to accept it as scientifically proven that the metal content of formula may harm the baby who consumes it. This is because there have not been enough large-scale studies.

However, the evidence is still there. One study published in New England Journal of Medicine looked at the effects of aluminum exposure on the neurological development of 227 preterm babies who required intravenous feeding. Researchers found that switching from standard feeding solution to a specially-made, aluminum-free solution improved the babies' neurological development (Bishop et al., 1997, p. 1561). Plus: There are isolated case reports of newborn infants with congenital kidney problems from apparent aluminum toxicity (Freundlich, 1985, p. 527).

Regulatory agencies have not made any action in the face of these studies and observations because of the fact that the gastrointestinal absorption rate for aluminum is considered to be quite low. This is in spite of the fact that a baby, especially a premature baby, is much more vulnerable to aluminum toxicity than adults are.


When High-Aluminum Baby Formula Should Especially Be Avoided

There are several situations in which it is especially important to be aware of the quality of baby formula, especially in regards to metal contamination. It's best to use a very low-aluminum or aluminum-free formula for babies who...

  • ...are preterm
  • ...have a gastrointestinal disorder
  • ...have kidney or liver problems
  • ...require special formula due to allergies or food intolerances

These are the groups that are most susceptible to aluminum poisoning from formula. However, children may have an easier time reaching their full potential when given low-aluminum or aluminum-free formula even if these categories do not apply to them. Neurological development may improve. This area of development includes things like cognition, motor control, and IQ.

 baby formula

How to Avoid Aluminum-Laden Baby Formulas

Many parents find it worthwhile to invest in finding a quality, low-aluminum or aluminum-free baby formula so that their child is given the greatest possible chance to thrive. However, high aluminum in formula is very commonplace and information about which brands have the lowest amounts may be hard to come by. So, how can a new parent pick a safe and healthy baby formula without metal contamination?


Choosing a Better Formula

The same study mentioned earlier, where researchers tested the aluminum contents of 24 different baby formula brands, has some insight about this topic. In the words of the researchers, some of the brands "...contained the lowest concentrations of aluminum yet measured in our laboratory. These higher cost specialist preparations demonstrate that the contamination of baby formulas by aluminum is not inevitable."

In other words, when it comes to baby formulas, you often get what you pay for. Parents concerned about aluminum levels should consider choosing the higher-quality organic formulas despite the higher cost. Going for an organic formula is a great idea, as organic formulas from organic specialist brands are made with a lot more care than many of the mainstream formulas sold at a typical large chain grocery store.

It may sound paradoxical because of the health benefits that adults can enjoy from eating a plant-based diet, but in the case of baby formula the milk-based formula might be the better choice. This is because much plant-based baby formula is made from soy, which research shows is worse than organic animal-based formula mix in terms of aluminum levels.


HiPP Baby Formula — How Pure Is It?

Bottom line: Aluminum in cheap formula can be dangerous for a baby, and choosing HiPP can help you avoid formula contamination of aluminum and other metals. What exactly sets HiPP apart from other formulas?

HiPP organic baby formula is a very popular choice for parents. The exceptional quality assurance of organic HiPP baby formula means that HiPP formula products contain lower levels of aluminum and other contaminants, compared with other baby feeding brands. The safety and well-being ofthe little HiPP consumers are always the top priority for the HiPP company and the organic formula is manufactured with great care and undergoes frequent testing.


No heavy metals

To minimize the entry of heavy metals, the raw materials are subject to strict selection and comprehensive controls. HiPP has a comprehensive quality management system - checking for heavy metals is part of their usual analysis program, and they have decades of experience in this process. You can be sure, HiPP products meet the strict internal quality criteria and all legal requirements for baby food by the European Commission (which are very strict).

The quality testing parameters for HiPP infant formula are far stricter than what is actually required by law (such as with aluminum levels, which are not restricted by law). HiPP tests for over 1,000 harmful substances. By the time this European HiPP formula is packaged up and ready for sale, HiPP will have conducted up to 260 tests throughout the production process. HiPP uses some of the best extremely sensitive measuring technology to ensure premium quality.


Carefully selected organic ingredients

Not only is HiPP organic formula thoroughly tested before sale, all HiPP baby milk also uses high-quality natural ingredients in every product. Cows' milk used for HiPP formula is obtained from farms that fully comply with organic farming guidelines. HiPP cows graze in natural, organic meadows that are grown without chemical or synthetic agents of any kind. The soil is tested for safety and purity before an organic pasture is put to use for HiPP cows.

HiPP offers specially-tailored organic formulas for all stages of baby development. Within the HiPP company of products, there are several country-specific versions (German, Dutch, UK) with varying compositions. This way HiPP adjusts to different preferences. The HiPP Hypoallergenic and special formulas are especially composed for babies with special nutritional needs. HiPP can be used for the entirety of a child's bottle-feeding years, from birth until about 3 years of age.

Parents thinking of switching from the formula they are currently using for their baby to an organic infant formula like HiPP should know that HiPP has more than 50 years of experience making some of the best-quality organic products. Plus, HiPP formula uses sustainable packaging for their organic products.

If you have any questions or concerns please contact our customer support team. We are happy to help! 

 happy baby



Bingham, E., & Cohrssen, B. (2012). Patty’s Toxicology (Vol. 1). Wiley.

Bishop, N. J., Morley, R., Day, J. P., & Lucas, A. (1997). Aluminum Neurotoxicity in Preterm Infants Receiving Intravenous-Feeding Solutions. New England Journal of Medicine, 336(22), 1557–1562.

Darbre, P. D. (2006). Metalloestrogens: an emerging class of inorganic xenoestrogens with potential to add to the oestrogenic burden of the human breast. Journal of Applied Toxicology, 26(3), 191–197.

Freundlich, M. (1985). Infant formula as a cause of aluminum toxicity in neonatal uraemia. The Lancet, 326(8454), 527–529.

Redgrove, J., Rodriguez, I., Mahadevan-Bava, S., & Exley, C. (2019). Prescription Infant Formulas Are Contaminated with Aluminium. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(5), 899.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. (2020, October 23). Aluminum | Uses, Properties, & Compounds. Encyclopedia Britannica.

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