April 14, 2021 11 min read
Welcome to our detailed comparison of Kabrita and Holle formula!
If you are reading this article, you most likely have made the decision to go with a goat milk formula. That's great! Goat milk baby formula is highly nutritious and has some great features that your little one can benefit from. Probably the biggest advantage with goat formula is that it's easily digestible. This can be great for babies who have problems digesting cow's milk. Additionally, it contains much less allergens than cow's milk formula. And there are some amazing brands out there who produce goat milk formula!
If you are looking for more information on the differences between goat and cow formula, we have an article that compares them in detail: From preparation, consistency and taste to nutritional value and digestion.
Now, cow milk formula is usually the standard. Most parents in western countries (especially in the US and Canada) like to opt for cow's milk formula. It's the most trusted an by far the most widely used and sold. But goat milk is becoming increasingly popular. Especially the interest and demand for high quality European goat milk formulas such as Kabrita from the UK and Holle from Germany. Goat milk formula has been proven to be safe and a good alternative to cow's milk formula. Many parents nowadays (and for a long time in other cultures) count on goat formula for their baby.
Before you read on, we would like to point out that breastmilk is always best for your baby. It contains the perfect balance of nutrients that babies need for growth and development. However, it is not always possible for all mothers to breastfeed their babies. For this reason, much research has gone into creating formulas with nutrient profiles that are as close as possible to that of breastmilk. Two of those will be introduced and discussed in this article.
Remember to speak with your pediatrician before using or changing to a particular formula.
Contents of this article
Holle offers a wide variety of organic food products for babies, ranging from infant formula to milk cereals and baby porridges, among others. In this article, in the spirit of keeping it short and to the point, only the baby formula will be discussed.
Holle offers three types of organic infant formulas:
These formulas are very popular in Europe (and all over the world). Parents love that all Holle formulas are organic, which means that the products contain no GMOs, hormones, pesticides or other potentially harmful substances. The main ingredients used in making the formulas are sourced from Europe. Additionally, they produce CO2 neutrally! Holle formulas are also labeled as gluten-free, egg-free, and unsweetened.
Holle formulas come in different stages of your baby’s development. The cow formula comes in 5 stages (Pre, 1, 2, 3, 4), whereas Holle Goat comes in 3 stages:
This article will make a comparison between Holle goat milk infant formula and Kabrita formula. However, before then, it is only prudent to mention a few things concerning Holle cow milk formula.
Holle Cow formula comes in 5 different stages ranging from pre to stage 4. All cow milk formula by Holle have the Demeter organic certification. This is one of the strictest organic labels in the world and has regulations that go beyond the EU Organic certification.
Holle also offers 3 stages with organic A2 milk. This wide range of products gives you the liberty to choose a formula that best suits your baby’s needs.
All these formulas contain organic vegetable oils, fish oils, and other vitamins and minerals that the baby needs. There are follow on formulas of the same properties so that you can be consistent in giving your child the same brand as they develop. Composition of the Holle cow milk-based formula is slightly different from Holle goat milk formula in that the cow's milk formula contain palm oil and the goat milk formula does not. Additionally, Holle Cow formula uses DHA derived from fish oil, whereas Holle Goat formula contains DHA from algae oil.
Unlike Holle, Kabrita offers only goat milk-based formula. There are various products, including infant formula, follow-on milk, and toddler milk, all made from goat milk.
Kabrita infant formula is not organic. However, the formula is free from GMOs and heavy metals, and the company adheres to animal-welfare regulations.
If you are wondering why you should adhere to the stages for European baby formulas, here is why.Infant, follow-on and toddler formula vary in nutritional content and ingredients. The digestive systems of infants might not be able to handle formula meant for toddlers. On the other hand, due to the difference in nutritional content, infant formula cannot meet the nutritional needs of toddlers. Proper nutrition is essential for the optimum development of your baby. For this reason, you must ensure that your baby gets the right quality and quantity of essential nutrients at their given age.
In order to make an in-depth comparison between the two types of formula, this article will focus mainly on Holle Organic Goat Milk Formula (which will also be referred to as Holle Infant Formula) and Kabrita Infant Formula (Kabrita Formula).
Holle baby formula is certified EU organic, whereas Kabrita is not USDA organic. This is an important factor to consider since non-organic formula might have some (possibly critical) ingredients that are absent in organic formula.
Even though Kabrita baby formula is non-organic, it is still safe for your baby. Kabrita formula is GMO-free, and it is produced in adherence to strict regulations. However, if you have a preference for organic goat milk formula then the Holle baby formula is your best fit.
The EU organic regulations contain strict rules to ensure thatno harmful substances may enter the product through the farming process. Conventional fertilizers and pesticides are not used, and the animals receive no antibiotics and growth hormones. Organic formula is GMO-free and does not contain preservatives, flavors, and other additives. The additives in the organic formula must adhere to the National List of Allowed and Prohibited Substances.
Additionally, the producers must adhere to rules for animal welfare and limit their environmental impact. Beyond that, EU organic also means that in production, preparation and distribution strict regulations must be followed. The adherence to all regulations is being guaranteed through a strict system of control and enforcement.
For infant formula to be labeled EU organic, 95% of its ingredients must be sourced from farms that are EU organic certified.
Non-organic formula, on the other hand, might contain some additives, sweeteners, and preservatives. It is important to note that non-organic formula is also safe for your child. This is because some formulas like Kabrita are not organic, but they are GMO-free, they do not contain heavy metals, and are made with strict adherence to regulations that limit the use of hormones, antibiotics, and pesticides.
When making your choice, it is advisable that you check the list of ingredients on both types of formula and chose the one that meets the specific needs of your child. The best formula is one that most resembles the nutritional profile of breast milk. Do not forget to consult your doctor before settling on a specific type of formula.
Kabrita mainly offers formula that is made from goat milk. Therefore, if you are looking for cow's milk formula, then you should consider choosing from Holle. However, if you are looking for goat milk-based formula, you can choose from either Kabrita or Holle, in which case you will have to consider other factors.
At this point, it is important to mention that goat milk is not a suitable alternative to cow's milk formula for babies who are allergic to cow's milk. It is also not advisable for babies who are lactose intolerant. It is a common misconception that goat milk formula is safe for babies who are sensitive to cow’s milk formula. Therefore, if your baby is allergic or intolerant to cow’s milk formula, they are likely to react the same way to goat milk formula. The protein that causes the allergic reaction to cow's milk is also present in goat milk, and even though it is lower in goat milk, there is still a chance that it would trigger an allergic reaction.
Holle Organic goat milk formula is made using whole goat milk powder, whereas Kabrita Infant Formula is made from skimmed goat milk. The main difference between skimmed and whole milk and skimmed milk is the fat content. Whole milk contains about 3.5% milkfat by weight, whereas skimmed milk contains less than 0.5% milkfat. Skimmed milk is produced by removing fat from whole milk. Despite the differences in fat content, the protein content in both skimmed and whole milk is the same.
The difference in the fat content has a number of implications on the nutritional value of the milk. These are the amount of vitamin D and Omega 3. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin. Therefore, it is naturally found in fat in the milk, so the less the fat, the less the Vitamin D content of the milk. However, most formulas are fortified with vitamin D to remedy this. But of course it's always nice if the formula relies on as many nutrients as possible that are naturally found in the milk and not fortified.
Whole milk has by far more Omega 3 fatty acids content than skim milk. Omega 3 has incredible health benefits, and therefore it is worth careful consideration. Of course Omega 3 is being fortified in appropriate amounts in both formulas, however it is worth to consider that whole milk powder has more natural Omega 3 and less needs to be fortified.
Vegetable oils are used in infant formula to enable the formula to match the fatty acid profile of human milk. Some of the most common oils that are used in baby formula ingredients are palm olein oil, soy oil, coconut oil, high oleic sunflower oil, and high oleic safflower oil, in various combinations.
When it comes to vegetable oils used in the formula, Holle Goat contains a blend of sunflower and rapeseed oil.
Kabrita has a larger blend of oils. This blend consists of high sn-2 palmitic acid oil, soybean oil, palm kernel oil and sunflower oil. The palm oil in Kabrita is modified in such a way that it has no negative effects like forming calcium soaps. However, it is not organic or sustainably sourced. Some parents may have ethical concerns about purchasing products that have non-organic palm oil. Further, some parents do not love the idea of soybean oil in their little one's formula. They soybean oil in Kabrita is guaranteed GMO-free, and it is important to note that the potential negative health effects of soy for babies relate to soy protein (meaning soy-based baby formula). They do not apply to soy as a source of oil.
Kabrita Infant Formula contains high palmitic acid. This palmitic acid is usually found in human milk and is responsible for favorably influencing the absorption of fatty acids, absorption of calcium, bone matrix, and general health of the gut microbiome. The palmitic acid in Kabrita infant formula is derived from vegetable oils.
While Holle infant formula is not indicated as containing high palmitic acid, it is most likely that it contains adequate amounts of palmitic acid because it is made from whole milk. Studies have shown that formulas that contain dairy fat tend to have more palmitic acid esterified in the sn2 position. Furthermore, recent research shows that the best way to mimic human breast milk oils is by blending dairy fat with vegetable oils (like Holle does). This is in opposition to the recent trends where milk fat is removed and replaced with vegetable oil (like in Kabrita).
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is an omega 3 fatty acid that is present in human milk and can also be obtained from fish oil or algae oil. DHA has immense health benefits, but the main benefits of DHA are that it boosts brain development, eye health and improves the functioning of the heart. For this reason, DHA is added to baby formulas in the EU as a matter of regulatory requirement.
Holle organic goat milk formula contains DHA obtained from algal oil. This means that the DHA is sourced from algae. Kabrita Toddler formula, on the other hand, contains DHA from fish oil. Studies show that the quality of omega 3 found in algal oil is the same as that found in fish oil. Therefore, you are at liberty to choose either formula for your baby. Some parents may prefer that the source of DHA in Holle Goat milk formula is plant-based.
Iron is needed by the human body to make hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the protein that carries oxygen in the red blood cells to other parts of the body and carries carbon dioxide from other parts of the body to the lungs. Iron is particularly important for infants and young children as it supports proper neurological development. Although cow milk has about the same amount of iron as human milk, it is not absorbed well by the body. For this reason, infant formula is often fortified with iron.
Kabrita Toddler Formula is fortified with iron sulfate, while Holle goat milk formula contains iron lactate as the source of iron. While both of the iron salts are freely water-soluble and are good sources of iron, some studies have shown that iron absorption is higher from iron sulfate than from iron lactate.
Both Holle and Kabrita infant formulas are safe options for most healthy babies. Due to strict European regulations for baby formulas and their ingredients, there are only slight differences between the two. Some of the main differences are:
In general, both formulas have great nutritional profiles. They both contain the major vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates, oils, and minerals that are required for the growth and development of babies. Most importantly, both Kabrita and Holle formulas contain all important nutrients that your baby requires to grow up healthy, including DHA. As mentioned before in this article, DHA is essential for the development of babies, and formula manufacturers are required to include it in all infant formula.
The choice between the two will depend on the personal preferences of the parents and the individual needs of their children. For instance, some parents tend to prefer formula that is certified organic over the standard formulas, which allows them to have a better conscience about the ingredients (knowing that no potentially harmful substances can end up in the formula). Additionally, following the rising concerns about climate change, consumers tend to choose products that are manufactured using sustainable practices.
Fabiana Bar-Yoseph, Yael Lifshitz, Tzafra Cohen, Review of sn-2 palmitate oil implications for infant health, Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, Volume 89, Issue 4, 2013, Pages 139-143, ISSN 0952-3278, (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0952327813000501 )
Sherry M. Lewis, Duane E. Ullrey, Dennis E. Barnard, Joseph J. Knapka, Chapter 9 - Nutrition, In American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine, The Laboratory Rat (Second Edition), Academic Press, 2006, Pages 219-301, ISBN 9780120749034
Souza, C.O., Leite, M.E.Q., Lasekan, J. et al. Milk protein-based formulas containing different oils affect fatty acids balance in term infants: A randomized blinded crossover clinical trial. Lipids Health Dis 16, 78 (2017).
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